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Trafficked? Filipino Hostesses in Tokyo’s Nightlife Industry by Rhacel Parrenas

After a few months in Tokyo, I became known as ate, meaning big sister, to man of the Filipino contract workers whom I met in the course of my research. Most were in their early twenties, but those older than me, including those who had returned to Japan more than ten times as contract workers and who were now in their late thirties, still called be “big sister.” They did so not necessarily out of respect but because they often forgot their real age, as they consistently have to lie– claiming to be no older than twenty-nine years old– to remain desirable and attractive to customers.

Trafficked p1s

Trafficked p2s


Related posts:

  1. Sexual Labors: Interdisciplinary Perspectives Toward Sex as Work by Rhacel Parrenas with Eileen Boris and Stephanie Gilmore
  2. The indentured mobility of migrant women: How gendered protectionist laws lead Filipina hostesses to forced sexual labor by Rhacel Parrenas
  3. Review: Children in the Global Sex Trade by Rhacel Parrenas
  4. Detention of Trafficked Persons in Shelters: A Legal and Policy Analysis by Anne Gallagher and Elaine Pearson
  5. Transgressing the Nation-State: The Partial Citizenship and “Imagined Global Community” of Migrant Filipina Domestic Workers by Rhacel Parrenas