Transgressing the Nation-State: The Partial Citizenship and “Imagined Global Community” of Migrant Filipina Domestic Workers by Rhacel Parrenas
Located in more than 130 countries, migrant Filipina domestic workers have settled in the cities of Athens, Bahrain, Rome, Madrid, Paris, Toronto, New York, Los Angeles, Hong Kong, andS ingapore. Dispersed among a multitude of industrialized nations, they have come to constitute a diaspora- more precisely, a contemporary female labor diaspora. A particular result of global restructuring, this labor diaspora is a product of the export-led developments trategy of the Philippines, the feminization of the international labor force, and the demand for migrant women to fill low wage service work in many cities throughout the world. As numerous nation-states rely on the Philippines to supply domestic workers and provide care for their populations,t he globalization of the market economy constructs the Philippines as a nation gendered female.
Transgressing the Nation State