Black Sites: Locating the Family and Family Law in Development by Kerry Rittich
While the family as an economic institution has traditionally been sidelined in development policy, development institutions like the World Bank now promote a range of legal and policy reforms that touch on the family and the household. This Article considers how interventions designed to expand formal markets and to encourage
participation in markets and investments in human capital might provoke change within the family and the household. Although they aim to increase welfare by increasing measurable economic growth, such interventions have both constitutive effects on the household itself and significant effects on the bargaining power of household members both at home and at work, effects that can be illuminated by attention to the legal reforms themselves.
Taking as its starting point the family as an economic entity, this Article taxonomizes the wide range of laws that effectively regulates the family and the household, and highlights properties of legal rules, such as their impact on the bargaining power of different social groups, that tend to be ignored or suppressed in regulatory and governance debates in the field of development. Aided by that expanded taxonomy, it investigates the impact on the family and the household of legal and policy initiatives in four areas: gender equality, social protection through conditional cash transfers, labor market formalization, and land titling. Tracing the effects of regulatory interventions across the market/household divide or continuum indicates how such reforms may induce households to adapt in ways that undermine as well as further welfare and equality objectives. But attention to the continual interactions between the household and the market not yet in view within general measurements and analyses of the economy, also indicate how and where they might sometimes undermine economic growth objectives as well.
Part 1 and Part 2
- Critical Directions in Comparative Family Law: Genealogies and Contemporary Studies of Family Law Exceptionalism by Janet Halley and Kerry Rittich
- After Gender: Tools for Progressives in a Shift from Sexual Domination to the Economic Family by Janet Halley
- Between Home and Work: Assessing the Distributive Effects of Employment Law in Markets of Care by Hila Shamir
- The State of Care: Rethinking the Distributive Effects of Familial Care Policies in Liberal Welfare States by Hila Shamir
- Kerry Rittich, University of Toronto